What Kind of Birds Eat Suet? (+ Tips to Make Your Own Suet)

Suet can be a fantastic source of energy for many bird species, especially during colder months when food sources may be scarce. This high-energy food is derived from the hard fat found around the kidneys and loins of beef or lamb. In some cases, lard from pigs may also be used to create suet cakes. These suet cakes provide essential calories and nutrients to a variety of birds, helping them maintain their energy levels and thrive even in challenging conditions.

Birds that are attracted to suet include insect-eating species such as woodpeckers, chickadees, jays, nuthatches, and starlings, among others. Offering suet in your backyard can support local bird populations while also providing you with a unique birdwatching experience. To achieve the best results, consider the type of suet feeder you’re using, as well as the suet options available, whether homemade or store-bought.

Key Takeaways

  • Suet provides essential nutrients and energy for various bird species, particularly during the colder months.
  • Attracting birds such as woodpeckers, chickadees, and nuthatches can be done by offering suet in your backyard.
  • Consider suet feeder options and choose either homemade or store-bought suet to best support the local bird populations.

Suet Overview: A High-Energy Bird Food

  • Suet is a hard fat, primarily found around the kidneys and loins in cattle and sheep, that makes for an excellent food source for birds. As it’s high in energy and easily digestible, suet becomes especially valuable during the winter months when other food sources like seeds, nuts, insects, and fruit may be scarce.
  • Many insect-eating birds are attracted to suet, such as woodpeckers, chickadees, jays, titmice, nuthatches, robins, mockingbirds, and some species of wrens and warblers. Also, birds like starlings and crows. This is because the animal fat found in suet is easy for these birds to metabolize, providing them with a rich, high-energy food source to help them cope with the colder weather.
  • When setting out a suet feeder, it’s important to be mindful of the temperature. Above freezing, suet can quickly become rancid and unfit for consumption. To prevent this, you can mix the suet with other ingredients like peanut butter, which can help to preserve its freshness and extend the time birds can enjoy it.
  • Serving suet in a variety of ways will attract a wider range of birds. You can offer it in blocks, cakes, balls or even smeared on tree branches or large pinecones. Mixing suet with seeds, nuts, and pieces of fruit can further enhance its appeal, providing additional nutrients and attracting an even wider variety of birds to your feeder.

Read Next: Which Birds Eat Meat?

Birds That Love Suet

Suet is a favorite food among many bird species, especially during the colder months when they require high-calorie and fat-rich sustenance.

Below are bird species that are commonly attracted to suet.


One of the most common suet-loving birds is the woodpecker. These birds, such as the Downy Woodpecker and Red-bellied Woodpecker, are frequent visitors to suet feeders in the eastern United States 12.

More woodpecker species that enjoy suet are Lewis’s Woodpecker, the Pileated Woodpecker, and the Red-Headed Woodpecker. The Northern Flicker, easily identifiable by distinctive black crescent on its chest, may also make an appearance at your suet feeder 6.


Another group of birds that enjoy suet are the adorable chickadees, like the Black-Capped Chickadee and Chestnut-Backed Chickadee. These small, energetic birds can often be seen flitting around suet feeders. They share a taste for suet with their cousins, the nuthatches.


Nuthatches are known for their unique habit of walking headfirst down tree trunks, and they relish the chance to snack on suet 3. If you want nuthatches to visit your yard, try placing a suet feeder right on the trunk of the tree.


Wrens also appreciate a good suet meal. While not all wren species may be attracted to suet feeders, some, like the Carolina Wren and Cactus Wren, do visit them.


Warblers are more likely to partake in suet during the fall and winter, when insects may be in shorter supply 4. This is also an ideal time to serve suet, considering that the cooler weather ensures that it won’t melt or go bad quickly.


Bluebirds are beautiful creatures that occasionally enjoy suet as a tasty treat. With their stunning appearance, bluebirds can make for a lovely sight at suet feeders.


Thrushes, including the American Robin, will also sometimes be seen dining on suet 5. While Robins are typically spotted in your backyard searching for worms, suet makes an appealing alternative, especially when they’re struggling to find their usual dietary sources.


Various Tit bird species like the Blue Tit, Great Tit, Bridled Titmouse, and Bushtit enjoy suet. Just place suet feeders a good distance from areas where cats may prowl, like fences, as birds of the Tit family often fall prey to our cuddly feline pets.


While the Brown Creeper loves insects, it won’t say no to suet. Brown Creepers will also enjoy peanut butter and some seeds, if you select suet varieties with these ingredients.

Brown Thrashers

Brown thrashers eat different foods like berries, insects, grains, nuts, and seeds. They’ll feed on suet any time, but most definitely in the winter time if you provide it.

Ruby-Crowned Kinglets

This is another bird that will enjoy suet that contains peanut butter, especially on colder days. They are quite small and can be challenging to catch sight of, however, as they flit from one place to another.

Northern Mockingbirds

Mockingbirds have also been known to visit suet feeders. However, they can become aggressive toward other birds, claiming a feeder as their own in “their” territory. So, it’s advised to offer a separate suet feeder just for the mockingbirds, a good ways away from other bird feeders for the general avian populations.


Try providing orange-flavored suet if you want Orioles to visit your home. Other birds that will eat this type of suet if you put it out are Tanagers, Kinglets, Jays, Titmice, Warblers, Wrens, Nuthatches, and Woodpeckers.

Blue Jays

Blue Jays are some of the less picky birds that birders want to see at their feeders. Being lovers of peanuts and black oil sunflower seeds, consider using suet types with these mixed in to attract them.

Common Suet Feeders

Suet feeders are a popular option for attracting a variety of birds to your backyard. These feeders are designed to hold suet, a high-fat, energy-rich food source usually made from the raw fat around kidneys and loins in beef or lamb. Some suet blends even include additional ingredients such as seeds, grains, nuts, insects, peanut butter, and bits of fruit to attract an even wider range of bird species.

There are several types of suet feeders available, each with its own unique features and benefits. The most common types include:

  • Cakes
  • Balls
  • Plugs
  • Crumbles
  • Shreds
  • Wreaths
  • Hearts
  • Bells

Simpler shapes like cakes and balls are not only visually appealing, but they are also easy to use and refill. On the other hand, more specialized designs and novelty shapes like wreaths and hearts can be used for seasonal decorations or to provide variety in your bird feeding setup.

Choosing the Right Suet Feeder

When offering suet, it is essential to choose the right food and feeder combination for your backyard. For example, woodpeckers, chickadees, jays, titmice, nuthatches, robins, mockingbirds, and some wrens and warblers are known to enjoy suet. Therefore, selecting a suet feeder that is accessible to these species and providing a suitable suet blend is critical for attracting them.

Birds that prefer insect-based diets will appreciate suet feeders containing mealworms, dried insects, or insect-based formulations; whereas those that enjoy seeds and nuts may prefer suet blends with sunflower seeds, peanuts, or other nutty ingredients. Similarly, suet feeders with fruit-based blends will appeal to fruit-loving bird species.

Ultimately, the key to a successful suet feeder setup is to provide a variety of suet types in different feeder styles. This will not only attract a diverse range of birds to your backyard, but also ensure they have a consistent and nutritious food source throughout the year. Regularly cleaning and maintaining your suet feeders will also help to keep your feathered visitors happy and healthy.

Preparing Homemade Suet

Homemade suet is a fantastic way to provide nourishment for various bird species while also attracting them to your backyard. Creating your own suet is simple and allows you to customize the ingredients to suit the preferences of specific bird species. To make homemade suet, start by gathering the following ingredients:

  • Beef fat
  • Lard
  • Cornmeal
  • Quick oats
  • Berries
  • Unsalted nuts and seeds
  • Mealworms (optional)

First, render the beef fat or lard by gently melting it in a saucepan over low heat. Rendering helps to remove any impurities and ensure that the fat hardens properly. Once the fat has melted, remove it from the heat and allow it to cool slightly.

Next, combine the dry ingredients such as cornmeal, quick oats, and flour in a large mixing bowl. Add nuts, seeds, and berries to the mix, ensuring a good variety to attract different birds. You can even include mealworms to entice insect-loving birds like bluebirds. Stir the melted fat or lard into the dry mix, making sure all the ingredients are well-coated.

Once the mixture has cooled and reached a firmer consistency, press it into various molds or shapes. You can use items like cat food or tuna cans to form the suet, or simply shape them and place them on a baking sheet. Refrigerate your homemade suet for a few hours or until it’s fully hardened.

With your homemade suet ready, place it in a suitable feeder and watch as various bird species flock to your backyard for a tasty, energy-boosting treat.

Store-Bought Suet Options

There are several store-bought suet options available to cater to various bird species. Each of these options has unique ingredients and offers distinct benefits, ensuring that you provide a suitable source of nourishment to your backyard birds.

Suet Cakes

These are the most common type of suet product available. They are made by blending fat, usually from beef or lamb, with bird-friendly ingredients such as seeds, nuts, pieces of fruit, and even insects. Suet cakes offer a high-energy, nutrition-packed food source for birds, especially during cold weather when they need an extra energy boost. You can find a variety of suet cake flavors and shapes, making them suitable for attracting different bird species.

Birdseed Suet

This type of suet incorporates birdseed into the fat, providing birds with a combination of energy and other vital nutrients found in seeds. Birdseed suet acts as an excellent all-in-one solution that attracts a more diverse range of bird species.

Suet Balls

As their name suggests, suet balls are small, round spheres made of suet and packed with ingredients such as seeds, nuts, and dried fruit. They can be hung in suitable feeders or placed on tree branches, making them an attractive and versatile option for feeding birds. Suet balls are perfect for attracting smaller birds like titmice, chickadees, and nuthatches, who prefer to cling to feeders while eating.

Suet Nuggets

Similar to suet balls, nuggets are bite-sized pieces of suet mixed with ingredients like seeds, nuts, and fruits. This compact format allows more manageable portions for birds, making them an excellent option for introducing suet to your backyard for the first time. Suet nuggets can also be placed in specialized feeders or sprinkled on the ground or a platform, ensuring that a variety of birds can access the nutritious treat.

When selecting your store-bought suet options, remember to choose high-quality products free from unwanted additives or toxins. Don’t forget to provide fresh water and use appropriate feeders to make the food source more accessible to your feathered friends. With these store-bought suet options, your backyard will soon become a haven for various beautiful birds.

Safe Suet Practices

When offering suet to birds in your backyard, it’s important to follow specific practices to ensure a safe, healthy environment for the birds:

  • To begin, invest in a good suet bird feeder that will provide both protection and easy access for the birds you want to attract.
  • Keep an eye on squirrels and mice that can be attracted to the suet because of its high fat content. To deter these unwanted critters, choose a suet feeder with a built-in protective cover. You may also consider using suet cakes with hot pepper, as birds can tolerate the heat, but mammals will typically avoid it.
  • In order to keep the suet fresh, store it in an air-tight container, and place the container in the freezer before offering it to the birds. Freezing the suet not only preserves it but also helps it maintain its shape, making it easier for birds to eat when temperatures rise.
  • Cold weather is the best time to provide suet for birds, as it provides them with much-needed energy to stay warm. However, during warmer months, suet can become soft and fall apart, creating a mess that can be harmful to birds. To avoid this, you can use no-melt suet cakes that are specifically designed to withstand higher temperatures.
  • Remember to regularly clean and maintain your suet feeder, as this will protect the birds from possible infections and pests. By following these safe suet practices, you’ll provide a valuable food source for your backyard birds while keeping them healthy and happy.

Attracting Birds with Suet

Suet is a fantastic food source for a wide range of bird species. It consists of raw fat, often obtained from the kidney and loin regions of beef, and provides an excellent source of energy for birds, particularly during colder months.

To attract a variety of birds to your backyard, consider hanging suet in different types of trees and on various branches. This will give different birds, who have distinct preferences for feeding locations, a chance to enjoy the suet in a comfortable setting. Opt for trees with good cover, as this will help birds feel safe from predators while dining.

When choosing a suet feeder, a platform feeder is a great option as it can accommodate multiple bird species. This type of feeder typically has a flat surface, which allows birds to access the suet easily. Additionally, this feeder design can offer convenient perching spots for birds that prefer to cling, such as woodpeckers, chickadees, and nuthatches.

Remember that patience is key when attempting to attract birds with suet. It may take some time for your feathered friends to discover this new food source, but once they do, they’ll keep returning for more. To increase your chances of attracting a diverse range of birds, offer a variety of suet types and flavors. Birds have individual preferences, and giving them more options will enhance the likelihood of your backyard becoming a popular dining spot.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do sparrows eat suet?

Yes, sparrows do eat suet. Suet is a high-energy fat source that provides birds with the nutrients they need, especially during colder months. Sparrows, along with many other bird species like woodpeckers, chickadees, and nuthatches, are attracted to suet and can benefit from its nutritional value.

Where should I hang a suet feeder?

To successfully attract birds and help them feel secure while feeding, it’s ideal to hang a suet feeder about 5-7 feet above the ground and near a tree or bush. This location provides birds with a safe place to fly to if they need to escape potential predators. Ensure the feeder is not too close to windows to avoid accidental collisions.

How long does packaged bird suet last?

Packaged bird suet can last for several months or even up to a year if stored properly. To maintain freshness and prevent spoilage, store the suet in cool, dry conditions away from direct sunlight. A sealed, airtight container or a refrigerator is a suitable storage solution.

Why are birds not eating the suet?

There could be several reasons why birds aren’t eating the suet in your feeder. First, ensure the suet is fresh and not spoiled. Birds can detect rancid suet and will avoid it. Second, check for any issues with your suet feeder, such as broken parts or difficult access. Lastly, be patient, as it may take birds some time to find and get accustomed to a new feeder.

Is suet beneficial for all bird species?

Suet is particularly beneficial for insect-eating bird species and those that require high energy, especially during the winter months. Woodpeckers, chickadees, nuthatches, and wrens are some examples of such birds. Nonetheless, other species may not benefit as much from suet, particularly those that primarily consume seeds or fruits.

Do squirrels consume suet?

Yes, squirrels can and often do consume suet. They are sometimes attracted to suet feeders and can become quite a nuisance for bird enthusiasts. To deter squirrels from accessing your suet feeder, consider using a squirrel-resistant suet feeder or a baffle, which makes it more difficult for squirrels to reach the suet.

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