What Birds Eat Ticks? (+ Tick Control Strategies)

Ticks are notorious for being carriers of diseases harmful to humans and animals. The presence of ticks in our surroundings raises concerns about how to control and minimize their populations. One natural and effective way to combat ticks is by encouraging the presence of birds that feed on these parasites.

There are several species of birds known to feed on ticks, helping keep their populations in check. Not only do these birds provide us with natural tick control, but they also help maintain a balanced ecosystem by consuming other insects and pests. Familiarizing ourselves with these tick-eating birds and understanding their habitats and diet can promote an environment that supports their presence and contributes to tick control.

Key Takeaways

  • Certain bird species act as a natural form of tick control by feeding on these parasites.
  • Understanding the diet and habitats of tick-eating birds can help promote an environment that supports their presence.
  • Encouraging tick-eating birds in our surroundings can contribute to minimizing tick populations and, consequently, reducing the risks of tick-borne diseases.

Birds That Eat Ticks

Ticks are a nuisance and can be dangerous to humans and animals alike, as they carry diseases such as Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Luckily, nature has its own pest control system – birds that eat ticks. In this section, we will explore different bird species that help control tick populations.

Read Next: What Birds Eat Spiders?

Guinea Fowl

Guinea fowl are ground-feeding birds native to Africa, but they have been introduced to other parts of the world, including the United States. These birds are known for their voracious appetite for ticks, as well as other insects and small animals.

Chickens and Ducks

Chickens and ducks are also helpful in controlling tick populations. These farm birds are known to be omnivorous and will eat a variety of insects, including ticks. They can be beneficial to farmers because they help keep their fields and grasslands tick-free.

Wild Turkeys

Wild turkeys are large ground-feeding birds that can be found throughout North America. They have been observed consuming ticks and other insects, which helps to keep tick populations under control and reduce the spread of tick-borne diseases. They are particularly helpful in grassy areas and fields.


Quails are small ground-feeding birds found in various habitats, including grasslands and woodlands. They are known to eat ticks as part of their diet and play a role in controlling tick populations.


Oxpeckers are an African bird species often spotted perched on large mammals like buffalo and cattle. Their primary food source consists of parasites such as ticks and will remove these irritants from their hosts’ bodies, which helps to keep these animals healthier.


Woodpeckers are known for their ability to peck into the bark of trees to extract insects, but they also consume ticks. By doing so, they assist in keeping tick numbers in check and reducing the spread of tick-borne diseases.

Pheasants and Grouse

Pheasants and grouse are ground-feeding birds that can help control tick populations. They have been observed consuming ticks and other insects in their natural habitats, often in grasslands and wooded areas.


Roadrunners are ground-dwelling birds that are known to eat a variety of insects, including ticks. They can often be found in arid regions, where they help to control tick populations by actively searching for these pests.

Cattle Egrets

Cattle egrets feed on ticks, specifically the Lone Star tick, which is commonly found in the southeastern United States. These birds are often seen following cattle or other large mammals, picking off ticks and other parasites from their hosts’ bodies. This not only benefits the host animal but also helps to control tick populations in the area (source).

Each of these bird species plays a vital role in controlling tick numbers and mitigating the negative impact of ticks on humans and other animals in their habitats. Thanks to them, the spread of tick-borne diseases can be kept in check.

Tick Control Strategies

Biological Tick Control

One eco-friendly way to reduce tick populations is through biological tick control. This involves introducing natural predators and organisms that specifically target ticks, such as beneficial nematodes and certain pathogens. These organisms help maintain an ecological balance, while reducing tick infestation in your environment.

Natural Predators

Several bird species are known for their tick-eating habits, contributing to natural pest control. For example, Guinea fowls can consume thousands of ticks each year. Similarly, wild turkeys and chickens are also known to eat ticks in their environment. Apart from birds, spiders are another example of a tick’s natural predator.

Habitat Management

Managing the habitat and surroundings can help limit tick infestations. For instance, keeping your yard clean and well-maintained can deter ticks from making a home there. Regularly trimming grass, removing leaf litter, and cutting back tall shrubs can decrease the suitable habitat for ticks. Additionally, creating a natural barrier around your property using gravel or wood chips can also limit tick movement into your living area.


The use of chemical pesticides can be an effective way to deal with severe tick infestations. However, it is essential to handle them carefully and follow the label directions to minimize any impact on the environment and non-target organisms. There are also tick repellent products available that can be applied directly to your clothes or skin to ward off ticks. However, always consult a professional when using pesticides, and opt for the most eco-friendly option.

Alternative Methods

Other methods to reduce tick populations and protect yourself from tick bites can include:

  • Using natural tick repellents made from essential oils such as eucalyptus, lemon, and cedar oil.
  • Implementing exclusion fencing to keep tick-hosting wildlife like deer away from your property.
  • Regularly checking yourself, your pets, and your family members for ticks, especially after outdoor activities in tick-prone areas.

By employing these various tick control strategies, you can effectively manage tick populations and better protect yourself and your loved ones from the risks associated with tick bites.

Diet of Tick-Eating Birds

Insects and Arachnids

Tick-eating birds mainly feed on insects and arachnids, including ticks, to maintain a healthy diet. Ticks are an important food source for several bird species, such as chickens, guinea fowls, and cattle egrets. These birds help in controlling tick populations and are considered a natural form of pest control. Apart from ticks, these birds also consume other insects like ants, flies, and beetles, providing a balanced and diverse diet.

Seeds and Plants

Although tick-eating birds primarily consume insects and arachnids, these birds also include plant materials in their diet. Seeds, fruits, and leaves contribute essential nutrients and add variety to their daily food intake. Such dietary diversity not only keeps them healthy but also ensures a broader contribution to the ecosystem. For example, seeds and plant material consumption often helps in seed dispersal, thereby supporting the growth and distribution of various plant species.

Small Vertebrates

In addition to insects and plant materials, tick-eating birds occasionally feed on small vertebrates, such as frogs, toads, lizards, and snakes. These animals provide the birds with essential nutrients like proteins and fats, necessary for maintaining proper health, growth, and energy reserves. Predation on such small vertebrates is especially vital during the breeding season when birds need to nourish their offspring or prepare themselves for nesting and egg-laying. By consuming small vertebrates, tick-eating birds contribute to the balance of ecosystems and help regulate prey populations.

Habitats and Foraging

In this section, we’ll explore the different habitats where birds that eat ticks can be found and their foraging behaviors.

Yard and Garden

Maintaining a tick-free yard and garden is important to prevent infestations and reduce the risk of tick-borne diseases. Birds such as wild turkeys, quails, and chickens are known to consume ticks, making them valuable allies in controlling ticks in your outdoor spaces. Homeowners can attract these birds by keeping their lawns mowed, removing leaf piles, and ensuring their gardens are routinely trimmed and clean. This landscaping approach not only deters ticks from the area, but also provides an ideal environment for birds to forage.

Fields and Grasslands

Fields and grasslands are another common habitat where ticks are found and where birds like the cattle egret thrive. These open spaces provide ample opportunities for birds to search and feed on ticks hiding in the grass. Birds such as guinea fowl are particularly effective at controlling tick populations, making them popular choices for pest control in both agricultural and residential settings. Additionally, dabbling ducks can also be found foraging in these habitats and are known to eat ticks.

Forest and Woodlands

Forests and woodlands provide a diverse and rich habitat for a variety of birds, including those that eat ticks. In these areas, ticks often attach themselves to mice, which are a common food source for birds such as woodpeckers. By feeding on mice, these birds may inadvertently consume ticks as well, providing natural pest control.

Furthermore, some bird species like the oxpecker are known to specialize in feeding on ticks, and they inhabit various types of forests and woodlands. Encouraging a thriving bird population in these habitats can significantly aid in controlling tick populations and reducing their impact on both humans and animals alike.

Impact of Birds on Tick-Borne Diseases

Birds play a crucial role in controlling tick populations and, in turn, have a significant impact on the spread of tick-borne diseases. Various bird species, such as oxpeckers, are known for consuming ticks, including those carrying dangerous pathogens like bacteria and viruses. In this section, we’ll explore how birds can affect the prevalence of Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and other tick-borne diseases.

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is primarily caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected black-legged ticks. Migratory birds can inadvertently transport infected ticks across long distances, increasing the risk of disease spread. On the other hand, certain birds act as natural tick predators, feeding on these bloodsuckers and reducing their overall numbers. As a result, these tick-eating birds may help decrease the transmission of Lyme disease, providing a form of natural pest control.

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a potentially life-threatening disease caused by the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii. This disease is usually transmitted through the bites of infected American dog ticks, Rocky Mountain wood ticks, and brown dog ticks. Similar to their impact on Lyme disease, birds play important roles as both carriers and predators of tick species responsible for transmitting Rocky Mountain spotted fever. By eating ticks, birds help control their population and potentially reduce the spread of the disease.

Other Tick-Borne Diseases

Aside from Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ticks can transmit several other diseases, such as anaplasmosis, babesiosis, and ehrlichiosis. Birds can influence the prevalence of these diseases in a few different ways:

  • Dispersing ticks: Migratory birds can carry infected ticks from one region to another, potentially introducing new tick-borne pathogens to areas where they were previously uncommon.
  • Serving as reservoirs: Sometimes, birds can act as reservoirs for tick-borne pathogens, harboring the infectious agents and indirectly contributing to their spread when ticks feed on them.
  • Eating ticks: Tick-eating birds, such as quails and oxpeckers, help control tick populations by feeding on these bloodsuckers, which reduces the overall risk of tick-borne diseases.

Overall, birds play complex and important roles in the ecology and epidemiology of tick-borne diseases. Understanding their impact is essential for developing effective strategies to manage these diseases and protect public health.

Selecting Tick-Eating Birds for Your Property

Heritage Breeds and Chicken Varieties

If you’re looking to reduce tick populations on your property, there are several bird species to consider. One option is heritage breeds of turkeys, such as the Royal Palm or Standard Bronze, which are known to consume ticks. Quails are another great choice as their foraging habits make them proficient tick hunters.

Many chicken breeds can also help control tick populations. Some examples of tick-eating chickens include:

  • Ameraucana
  • Brown Leghorn
  • Fayoumi
  • Golden Comet
  • Hamburg
  • Old English Game

These chicken breeds are agile and adept at foraging, making them great options for tick control.

Acquiring and Raising Tick-Eating Birds

When deciding on which bird species to introduce to your property, consider the maintenance and care requirements. Guinea fowls are a popular choice for tick control because of their natural tick-hunting abilities and relatively low maintenance. However, they can be quite noisy, so take that into consideration.

For raising tick-eating birds, you can acquire them either as eggs, chicks, or young adults. Research the specific requirements of each bird species, such as suitable nesting areas, dietary needs, and social requirements, to ensure their safety and well-being. Make sure to provide them with a proper environment that encourages their natural foraging behavior.

Considerations for Property Size and Environment

Property size and environmental factors play an essential role in the success of tick-eating birds. Some species, like the lone star tick-eating partridge, prefer large, open spaces such as meadows or grasslands. In contrast, smaller property owners may find more success with chicken breeds.

Another factor to consider is your local climate. Many of the tick-eating bird species are adaptable to various environments, but some may struggle or be less effective in areas with extreme temperatures, such as deserts.

When selecting tick-eating birds for your property, it’s crucial to match the species’ needs and preferences with your property’s size and environment. By doing so, you’ll ensure the birds are comfortable and effective at reducing tick populations, ultimately providing you with a natural form of biocontrol.


Birds play a crucial role in managing tick populations and preventing the spread of tick-borne diseases. Some of the most efficient tick-eating birds include guinea fowls, opossums, and various species of birds like gulls, terns, kites, harriers, shrikes, and swallows. For instance, guinea fowls have the ability to consume an impressive 5400 ticks per year, helping to keep tick populations under control.

Not only are these birds helpful in reducing the tick population, but they also aid in protecting people and their pets from tick-borne diseases. Encouraging these tick-eating birds like guinea fowls to thrive in your yard or garden can serve as a natural and eco-friendly alternative to chemical pest control methods.

To create a more habitable environment for these birds, it’s important to offer them suitable nesting areas and sources of food, like bird feeders or native plants that provide seeds and insects. Keep in mind that while these creatures can significantly decrease the number of ticks, they won’t completely eliminate the risk of tick-borne diseases. Therefore, it’s still essential to take personal precautions like wearing protective clothing, using tick repellent, and checking for ticks after spending time outdoors.

All in all, birds are vital allies in our efforts to control tick populations and reduce the risks associated with tick-borne illnesses. By inviting these helpful creatures into our gardens and outdoor spaces, we can work together with nature to create a safer and healthier environment for us, our pets, and the ecosystem as a whole.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which birds are most effective at eating ticks?

Guinea fowls, chickens, quails, and ducks are among the most effective birds when it comes to consuming ticks. These birds forage in areas where ticks thrive and have strong immune systems that can tolerate tick bites without getting sick [^3^]. Woodpeckers and oxpeckers are also known to eat ticks.

How can I attract tick-eating birds to my yard?

Attracting tick-eating birds to your yard can be accomplished through providing a suitable habitat. For example:

  • Plant native shrubs and trees to create shelter and nesting sites
  • Use bird feeders filled with seeds and insects to provide a food source
  • Offer fresh water in bird baths or water dishes
  • Provide safe nesting boxes or areas for ground-nesting birds like quails

Implementing these steps will help create a welcoming environment for birds that are known for tick control.

What are the best chicken breeds for tick control?

Among the chicken breeds, Rhode Island Reds, Leghorns, and Orpingtons are considered to be good foragers and tick hunters. However, any free-range chicken breed that actively forages in the yard can play a significant role in reducing tick populations.

Do wild birds like robins or sparrows consume ticks?

Yes, wild birds such as robins and sparrows are known to consume ticks. While these birds might not be as effective as ground-feeding birds like quails or guinea fowls, they still contribute to controlling tick populations.

How do birds help control tick populations?

Birds help control tick populations by actively seeking out and consuming ticks during their foraging activities. This natural behavior, combined with their immune system’s ability to withstand tick-borne illnesses, makes certain bird species valuable allies in controlling tick-related risks.

Can keeping chickens help reduce tick infestations?

Absolutely! Keeping chickens, especially free-range ones, in your yard can help reduce tick infestations. Chickens are effective tick hunters that actively forage for these pests in tall grass, leaves, and other hiding places. By consuming ticks, chickens play a significant role in keeping tick populations under control and thus reducing the risk of tick-borne illnesses for both humans and pets.

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