What Birds Eat Grasshoppers? Top Species and Their Diets

Grasshoppers, as one of the most common insects found around the world, present a significant food source for certain bird species. These protein-packed insects are a feast for the feathered members of the ecosystem. While some bird species may only eat grasshoppers occasionally, others like bluebirds are notorious for their grasshopper-eating habits and are regarded for their pest control abilities.

Different birds have their preferences when it comes to grasshoppers, with some focusing on seeds and grains as their primary food source. However, insectivorous birds such as the Eastern bluebird, gray catbird, and Northern mockingbird actively search for grasshoppers in their respective habitats. The relationship between birds and grasshoppers is essential in maintaining a balanced ecosystem, which allows gardens and backyards to flourish, even as other animals feed on grasshoppers and impact their population levels.

Key Takeaways

  • Various bird species, including bluebirds, catbirds, and mockingbirds, find grasshoppers a significant food source.
  • Maintaining a healthy relationship between birds and grasshoppers is essential for balanced ecosystems in gardens and backyards.
  • Environmental factors play a crucial role in influencing grasshopper populations and their availability for birds and other predators.

What Birds Eat Grasshoppers

Raptors and Birds of Prey

Raptors and birds of prey, such as hawks, are known to consume grasshoppers. These skilled hunters have keen vision and sharp talons that allow them to efficiently capture their prey. In North America, various hawk species feed on grasshoppers, especially during the insects’ abundance in the warmer months.

Read Next: What Birds Eat Japanese Beetles?

Insectivorous Birds Featuring Grasshoppers in Their Diet

Insectivorous birds are those that primarily feast on insects, and some of these species particularly enjoy grasshoppers in their diet. Examples of insectivorous birds that eat grasshoppers include:

  • Blackbirds: These birds are popular for their melodious songs and are often found foraging in grassy areas where grasshoppers thrive.
  • Bluebirds: Known for their vibrant colors and pest control abilities, bluebirds are notorious for snacking on grasshoppers and other insects.

Omnivorous Birds Attracted to Grasshoppers

Omnivorous birds have a diverse diet, eating both plant-based and animal-based food sources. Grasshoppers are attractive to some omnivorous birds due to their availability and high protein content. Two examples of such birds are:

  • American Crows: Widely spread across North America, these intelligent birds can be found in both urban and rural areas. While they have a varied diet, American Crows enjoy feasting on grasshoppers when the opportunity arises.
  • Blue Jays: Known for their striking appearance and raucous calls, these agile birds are attracted to grasshoppers as a part of their diverse diet.

Common Grasshopper-Predator Birds

Grasshoppers are an important part of the diets of various bird species. In this section, we will discuss some common grasshopper-predator birds and their preferences for consuming grasshoppers.


Bluebirds are known for their vibrant colors and distinct songs. They are often seen feeding on grasshoppers, whose high protein content offers essential nutrients for maintaining their health and energy levels.


Blackbirds are well-adapted to consume grasshoppers as part of their diet. Their strong beaks can easily capture and crush grasshoppers, providing them with much-needed sustenance.


Sparrows are small, agile birds that are quite effective at catching grasshoppers. They utilize their quick reflexes to seize the insects while in flight or on the ground.


Warblers often consume grasshoppers as a part of their diet. With their slender bills, they are adept at picking grasshoppers off of plants or snatching them from the air.


Woodpeckers are primarily known for their wood-boring habits, but they also consume grasshoppers from time to time. They use their powerful beaks to seize and crush grasshoppers, extracting valuable nutrients.


Swallows are aerial insectivores that can swiftly catch grasshoppers while in flight. Their agile movements and superior flying skills make them efficient grasshopper predators.

American Robin

The American Robin is a versatile bird that not only feeds on seeds and fruits, but also preys upon grasshoppers. They have the ability to quickly snatch grasshoppers from the ground or foliage.

Gray Catbird

Gray Catbirds, like many other birds, incorporate grasshoppers into their diet. They are quick and agile, making it easy for them to capture and consume these insects.

Barn Swallow

The Barn Swallow is another aerial insectivore that can commonly be seen feeding on grasshoppers during their insect-catching flights. Their speed and agility make them well-equipped for this task.


Finches are small birds that eat mostly seeds, but they will readily consume grasshoppers when available. Their dexterity allows them to efficiently catch grasshoppers and break them into smaller, digestible pieces.

Northern Cardinal

Northern Cardinals consume grasshoppers as part of their varied diet. These energetic birds can easily catch grasshoppers in their strong and sharp bills to enjoy a protein-packed meal.

American Crow

American Crows are known for their omnivorous feeding habits, including the consumption of grasshoppers. Their intelligence and adaptability allow them to easily hunt for and capture these insects.


Meadowlarks are grassland birds that rely heavily on insects, such as grasshoppers, as a primary food source. Their ground-dwelling lifestyle makes them well-equipped to capture and consume grasshoppers.

European Starling

European Starlings are often seen foraging for insects, including grasshoppers. Their opportunistic feeding behavior and generalist diet make grasshoppers an easy and nutritious choice.


Orioles are brightly colored birds that can commonly be spotted consuming insects like grasshoppers. They use their slender bills to snatch grasshoppers either in flight or from vegetation.


Though primarily nocturnal and known for consuming small mammals and other nocturnal prey, some owl species do eat grasshoppers as part of their diet. Their stealth and sharp talons offer them an advantage in hunting these insects.

Grasshoppers as a Food Source

Nutritional Value for Birds

Grasshoppers are a nutritious food source for various bird species due to their high protein content. Protein is essential for bird’s muscle building and tissue repair. Apart from protein, grasshoppers also contain fats that provide energy to the birds and help maintain warmth during colder months. Additionally, these insects offer essential vitamins and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus which promote healthy bone growth.

Availability and Prevalence

Grasshoppers are a commonly found insect which makes them a readily available food source for many birds. Their abundance can vary in different locations and seasons, but their prevalence ensures that they remain an accessible source of nourishment for a variety of bird species. Some birds that are known to feed on grasshoppers include cardinals, blackbirds, blue jays, and hawks.

Out of these birds, cardinals not only consume grasshoppers but also have a varied diet, including seed pods from trees like oaks and hickories, along with other insects such as crickets, beetles, and ants, as reported. Although grasshoppers aren’t the preferred food for all bird species, their widespread availability ensures that some birds will feast on them occasionally.

Grasshoppers’ adaptability and ability to thrive in various environments makes them an ideal food source for birds. These insects come in various sizes, featuring unique characteristics such as strong legs designed for jumping and wings that enable them to fly short distances. The combination of these attributes makes grasshoppers an attractive meal for birds seeking a nutritious and satisfying meal.

Grasshopper Control in Gardens and Backyards

Grasshoppers are a common pest in gardens and backyards across North America. These insects can devastate crops and plants, making it crucial to find ways to control their populations. One effective method is to attract natural predators, such as birds, reptiles, and mammals that eat grasshoppers.

Natural Predation and Pest Control

Relying on the natural ecosystem can be a more sustainable and safer approach to controlling grasshopper populations compared to using chemicals. Birds, in particular, play a crucial role in controlling pests. Many bird species, such as cardinals, Eastern bluebirds, Northern mockingbirds, and Western tanagers, are known to feed on grasshoppers. Additionally, reptiles like lizards and small mammals such as rodents can also help in reducing the grasshopper population.

Attracting Birds That Eat Grasshoppers

To attract birds that naturally eat grasshoppers, follow these tips:

  1. Provide a food source: Set up bird feeders with a mix of seeds to attract a variety of bird species. Be sure to provide a mix of seeds that cater to the preference of birds known to eat grasshoppers, such as sunflower seeds and millet.
  2. Create bird-friendly habitats: Plant native trees, shrubs, and flowers that can serve as nesting and shelter spots for birds. Ensure that the plants you choose offer suitable protection and cover for birds.
  3. Water sources: Birds require a constant supply of fresh water for drinking and bathing. Installing bird baths or small ponds can be an effective way to attract more birds to your garden or backyard.
  4. Avoid using harmful pesticides: Pesticides can be toxic to birds and other wildlife, and may even deter them from visiting your yard. Opt for natural pest control methods whenever possible.

By following these strategies, you’ll encourage more insect-eating birds to visit and inhabit your garden, which in turn can help control grasshopper populations. Ultimately, this leads to a more balanced ecosystem and healthier crops and plants in your garden and backyard.

Birds and Grasshoppers in Varied Habitats

Urban Areas

In urban environments, a variety of bird species can be found feasting on grasshoppers. Many common city-dwelling bird species, such as cardinals, readily eat insects like crickets, grasshoppers, beetles, and ants. City parks, gardens, and open green spaces attract these birds and provide ample opportunities for them to feed on grasshoppers.

Forests and Woodlands

Forests and woodlands offer a rich variety of insects for birds to consume, including grasshoppers. Here, insectivorous birds like woodpeckers and warblers are likely to consume an assortment of insects, including grasshoppers. Tree-dwelling birds are also known to take advantage of the diverse insect populations in these habitats. For example, when seeds from oaks and hickories are scarce, cardinals may consume more insects like grasshoppers to sustain themselves.

Agricultural Fields

Agricultural fields are another area where birds may take advantage of an abundance of grasshoppers. Crops attract insects, providing ample food sources for many bird species. In fact, birds help farmers by consuming insects such as grasshoppers, which can potentially damage or destroy crops. Some bird species, like swallows and larks, commonly forage in these open fields, feeding on grasshoppers and other crop-damaging insects.

Wetlands and Water Sources

Wetlands and other water sources also provide habitats for birds and grasshoppers to coexist. Insects, including grasshoppers, thrive near water, attracted by the lush vegetation. Consequently, birds that hunt insects, such as ducks, wading birds, and even some species of songbirds, can be found in these ecosystems. Wetland and marsh-dwelling birds may not have grasshoppers as their main food source, but they do consider them a tasty snack when available.

Other Animals That Feed on Grasshoppers

In addition to the variety of birds that consume grasshoppers as part of their diet, there are several other animals spanning different species that also enjoy feeding on these insects. Among the different types of animals that eat grasshoppers, some of the common ones include reptiles, mammals, amphibians, and even some fish.

Reptiles such as snakes and lizards are known to prey on grasshoppers. They use their agility and quick reflexes to catch these hopping insects, making them an essential part of their diet. Specifically, snakes are attracted to grasshoppers as a protein-rich food source, while lizards actively hunt them in their natural habitats.

Mammals, including raccoons, red foxes, opossums, and bats, are also grasshoppers consumers. Raccoons are known to have varied diets, and they won’t pass up an opportunity to capture a protein-packed meal from a grasshopper. Red foxes and opossums also feed on grasshoppers as part of their omnivorous diet. Flying mammals such as bats utilize their echolocation to detect and catch grasshoppers during their nightly hunts.

Amphibians like frogs and toads play their part in the grasshoppers’ predator-prey relationship as well. Frogs, being adept jumpers with quick, sticky tongues, are perfectly suited to snatch up a grasshopper in the blink of an eye. Toads, although slower than their frog counterparts, also make use of their long tongues and keen sense of prey location to catch these elusive insects.

Fish, though less commonly associated with grasshopper consumption, have been known to eat these insects when presented with the opportunity. This usually occurs when grasshoppers end up on the water’s surface, which makes them easy targets for predatory fish.

Some smaller creatures like spiders, beetles, and ants also contribute to keeping grasshoppers’ populations in check. Spiders often trap grasshoppers in their webs and inject them with venom, while ants and beetles overpower them with their sheer numbers and relentless hunting behavior.

Overall, grasshoppers serve as a significant food source for various animals belonging to different species, ranging from reptiles to mammals, amphibians, and even some fish. Their role as prey in the ecosystem helps maintain balance and sustains the numerous animals that rely on them for sustenance.

Impact of Environmental Factors on Grasshopper Populations

Pesticides and Poison

The use of pesticides can have a significant impact on grasshopper populations, specifically reducing their numbers as they help control harmful insects. However, this practice can also harm essential grassland birds that feed on grasshoppers to maintain balanced ecosystems. In North America and Europe, bird populations feed on grasshoppers to prevent infestations, cutting grasshopper numbers by 30 to 50 percent. Hence, reducing the overuse of pesticides can protect birds and allow them to play their natural role in grasshopper management.

Farmers should consider environmentally friendly methods to mitigate pesticide and poison exposure, such as:

  • Encouraging natural predators, like birds, to keep grasshopper populations in check
  • Using targeted, low-toxicity pesticides that minimize harm to non-target organisms
  • Implementing integrated pest management strategies that incorporate proactive approaches, like crop rotation and regular field monitoring

Drought and Climate Conditions

Environmental factors like drought and climate conditions can significantly influence grasshopper populations. For instance, grasshopper outbreaks tend to be more common after hot, dry summers and warm autumns, which promote the survival of nymphs and adults and provide more time for feeding and egg-laying.

Meanwhile, timing and amount of precipitation play a crucial role in determining grasshopper population dynamics. Water availability has a direct impact on the insects’ ability to thrive and breed, which in turn affects the quantity and quality of food sources (berries, crops) available for birds and other wildlife species.

As a result, adapting to changing climate conditions becomes necessary to ensure the preservation of both grasshoppers and their predators. Implementing sustainable water management practices can help in mitigating drought-related effects on insects and their ecosystems:

  • Water-efficient irrigation systems for agriculture
  • Conservation practices that retain moisture in the soil, such as mulching and cover crops
  • Planting drought-tolerant plants in wildlife habitats to ensure the availability of food resources for birds and other species

Frequently Asked Questions

What types of birds are known to consume grasshoppers?

Several bird species are known to enjoy eating grasshoppers. These include cardinals, gray catbirds, Northern mockingbirds, Western tanagers, indigo buntings, red-headed woodpeckers, blue grosbeaks, and many others. Even red-shouldered hawks, killdeer, and American robins might snack on these insects.

Which bird species primarily feed on insects such as grasshoppers?

While many birds may consume grasshoppers as part of a varied diet, some bird species particularly relish insects like grasshoppers. For example, cardinals, Western tanagers, and blue grosbeaks are among the species more likely to seek out these protein-rich insects for consumption.

How do insectivorous birds contribute to controlling grasshopper populations?

Insectivorous birds play a crucial role in maintaining a balance in ecosystems by keeping insect populations in check, including grasshoppers. By consuming large quantities of grasshoppers, these birds help control the overall population and prevent an overabundance of these insects, which might otherwise cause damage to plants and agricultural crops.

What adaptations do birds have for catching and eating grasshoppers?

Birds possess several adaptations that help them catch and eat grasshoppers effectively. These adaptations include their keen eyesight, quick reflexes, and sharp beaks. Some birds, like robins, may use their beaks to probe the ground for insects, while others, like Eastern bluebirds and Western bluebirds, have a technique called “hawk-hover” where they hover above the ground and snatch grasshoppers out of the air or from vegetation.

How can one attract insect-eating birds to their garden?

To attract insect-eating birds to your garden, you can provide a welcoming environment by planting native trees and shrubs that offer shelter, nesting sites, and natural insect food sources. You can also set up bird feeders with seed mixes containing insects, like dried mealworms, and provide fresh water in a birdbath or shallow dish. In addition, avoiding pesticides can help maintain a healthy population of insects for the birds to prey on.

What impact do grasshoppers have on the diet of certain bird species?

Grasshoppers are high in protein, fats, vitamins, and minerals, making them an excellent food source for many bird species. The protein content in grasshoppers helps birds build muscles and repair tissues. The fats found in grasshoppers provide energy and keep birds warm during colder months. In addition, grasshoppers supply important vitamins and minerals to promote healthy bone growth. It’s essential for birds that rely heavily on insects like grasshoppers to maintain a balanced diet.

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