What Birds Eat Ants? (And Why Are Ants Important in Bird Diets?)

Ants are abundant in various regions and climates worldwide, making them a primary food source for numerous bird species. These tiny insects not only provide sustenance for birds but also play a significant role in maintaining the ecological balance of different ecosystems. In this article, we explore several species of birds that rely on ants within their diet, their unique foraging and hunting techniques, and how ant consumption affects ecosystems on a larger scale.

While the majority of birds will consume ants to some extent, several species have a particular affinity for these insects. Common ant-eating birds include woodpeckers, pigeons, pheasants, sparrows, starlings, hummingbirds, crows, and wild turkeys, among others. Ants are not just delicious treats for these birds; they are also nutrient-rich food sources, offering proteins and other vital nutrients necessary for a bird’s overall health and survival.

Furthermore, birds display fascinating adaptations and behaviors when hunting for ants, such as the “anting” phenomenon, where some birds rub crushed ants on their feathers. This interaction between birds and ants has intrigued scientists and bird enthusiasts alike, and this article offers an in-depth look at these unique interspecies dynamics.

Key Takeaways

  • A variety of bird species consume ants, contributing to a balanced ecosystem.
  • Ants provide essential nutrients for birds, supporting their overall health and survival.
  • Unique adaptations and behaviors can be observed in birds when hunting and consuming ants.

Birds That Eat Ants

Ants are on the menu for a variety of bird species, as they offer a nutritious and delicious source of protein. Among the many birds that are fond of eating ants, the most common and well-known include:

  • Woodpeckers
  • Sparrows
  • Starlings
  • Wrens
  • Grouse

Some other birds that enjoy ants, but less frequently than others, are:

  • Cardinals
  • Robins
  • Hummingbirds
  • Blackbirds
  • Crows

One iconic bird that feasts on ants is the downy woodpecker. This North American bird, with its unique chisel-bill, can extract beetle larvae, ants, and other insects from the tree bark. Notably, their specialized beak allows them to access ants that may be hidden in hard-to-reach crevices.

Similarly, wild turkeys are also known for snacking on ants. These large omnivorous birds hunt for ants along with various insects, seeds, and small vertebrates as a part of their diet. Other ground-dwelling birds such as sparrows and grouse also appreciate ants as a meal – grouse particularly relish them.

Wrens, another songbird, enjoy ants and can often be seen in gardens and wooded areas searching for these tiny insects. Moving on to starlings, they too share a fondness for ants, which can be a part of their diet as well as seeds and other insects.

An interesting aspect is that some birds, such as robins and cedar waxwings, prefer ant larvae rather than adult ants since they are tender and rich in nutrients. The European green woodpecker also heavily depends on ants in its diet, often enjoying their eggs and larvae.

Read Next: What Birds Eat Flies?

Other Birds That Enjoy Ants

Among the unique birds that eat ants are antbirds. As their name suggests, ants constitute a major part of their diet. These tropical birds are typically found in Central and South America, following swarms of army ants to catch the insects that flee from the ants’ path.

Feeding on ants isn’t exclusive to land-dwelling birds; even hummingbirds like dining on ants occasionally. Despite their primary diet of nectar, hummingbirds will consume insects, including ants, for their protein intake.

As you can tell, the world of birds is vast and diverse, and many species have developed a taste for ants. From woodpeckers to sparrows, hummingbirds to crows, these birds consume ants as a valuable source of protein, promoting the balance of the ecosystem.

Ants as a Nutritious Food Source

Ants can be a nutritious food source for birds, providing essential nutrients like protein, iron, zinc, and potassium. This is particularly beneficial for avian species with high metabolic rates that require a diet rich in these vital nutrients to maintain their overall health and energy levels.

Some of the birds known to have a fondness for ants include woodpeckers, pigeons, pheasants, sparrows, starlings, hummingbirds, crows, wild turkeys, antbirds, wrens, and grouse. Other bird species that consume ants less frequently are little owls, robins, blackbirds, and cardinals.

One of the reasons why birds consume ants is that they are an abundant and accessible food source in many ecosystems. Ants are also relatively easy for birds to catch, making them a popular option for meals. In addition, some birds may eat ants to improve their blood circulation and maintain a healthy heartbeat, thanks to the zinc, potassium, and iron content present in ants.

While ants are a beneficial food source for birds, it’s essential to mention that some ant species have powerful defense mechanisms, such as formic acid secretion or powerful bites. However, birds have adapted to handle these defenses and continue to benefit from the nutrients found in ants.

Other Animals That Consume Ants

Ants are a popular food source for a variety of creatures within the animal kingdom. While birds are well-known examples of ant predators, there are numerous other animals that also eat ants. These can range from mammals and reptiles to amphibians and even other insects.


Mammals such as anteaters are known for their ant-heavy diet. Anteaters are skillful at hoovering up ants using their long, sticky tongues. Other mammals that feast on ants include aardvarks, pangolins, rodents, and sloth bears. Each of these creatures has its unique method for capturing and consuming ants, but they all enjoy the nutritious benefits of these insects.


Reptiles, including lizards and blind snakes, are also prominent ant predators. Lizards, like the horned lizards, are particularly adept at catching ants with their quick, agile movements. Meanwhile, blind snakes are experts in searching for ants inside their nests, using their specialized jaws to eat ant larvae and pupae.


In the world of amphibians, frogs and toads are known to consume ants as part of their diet. These amphibians use their sticky tongues to snatch up ants quickly and efficiently, providing them with a rich source of protein.


The insect world also has its share of ant predators. Insects such as antlion larvae and wasps are skilled at capturing ants for their sustenance. Antlion larvae create small pits in the ground, waiting patiently for unsuspecting ants to fall in, while wasps are known to target ant nests for their larvae and pupae.


Earthworms, though not directly consuming ants, are known to eat ant eggs in several ecosystems, thus indirectly preying on these insects.


Even humans have been known to eat ants on occasion. This practice is not widespread, but some cultures consume ants, particularly those with a tangy flavor like the lemon ants, as a dietary component or even as a delicacy.

Ants in a Bird’s Diet

Ants play a significant role in the diets of various bird species. Predatory birds such as woodpeckers, sparrows, and starlings are particularly fond of ants. Other species that enjoy ants as a part of their diet include pigeons, pheasants, hummingbirds, crows, wild turkeys, wrens, and grouse 1.

Foraging for ants enables birds to access a rich source of protein and nutrients that are beneficial to their overall health. While the species mentioned above eat ants regularly, others such as little owls, robins, blackbirds, and cardinals consume ants less frequently 2.

Some birds also target specific types of ants in search of their prey. For example, carpenter ants are a favored snack among birds like the northern flicker. Additionally, birds like the American crow and the common raven derive significant benefits from eating ants because of the formic acid they produce, acting as a natural insecticide that helps keep pests at bay 3.

In the process of consuming ants, some birds will also eat ant eggs, which can be found in the ants’ colonies. Birds that adeptly feed on ant eggs include the bee-eater and the antbird. Other organisms that birds consume while seeking ants are flies, spiders, beetles, and wasps 4.

Ants not only provide a reliable food source for birds but also form a critical part of a balanced avian diet that includes seeds, berries, nectar, and other insects. Birds scour various environments like gardens, trees, and forests for ants and other insects to sustain their livelihoods. As a result, many birds become important contributors to healthy ecosystems by controlling ant populations and spreading seeds through their feeding habits.

Foraging and Hunting Techniques

Birds have developed a variety of foraging and hunting techniques to consume ants as part of their diet. Some birds, such as woodpeckers, pigeons, pheasants, sparrows, and starlings, are particularly fond of eating ants, while others like robins and blackbirds might eat ants less frequently source.

Ground-feeding birds, like the northern flicker and the green woodpecker, have adopted a specific method for hunting ants. When they spot ants on the ground, they dig the ground with their beaks to expose the ants’ hiding places. Once they’ve uncovered the ants, these birds use their sticky tongue to lap up the ants as a tasty meal source.

Another interesting way that birds interact with ants is through a behavior called “anting.” Some birds, such as crows and starlings, intentionally allow ants to crawl onto their feathers and release their formic acid as a way to rid their plumage of parasites. While this might not be a method used solely for hunting ants, it demonstrates the unique relationship birds have with ants source.

Birds that feed on ants are also known to frequent anthills. By using their sharp beaks, birds can break into anthills and feast on large numbers of ants. The techniques used in hunting ants can vary by species, but it usually involves probing and scratching at the ground to expose the ants. Once exposed, the birds can then easily consume them. In some cases, birds such as the antbird specifically target ant colonies and engage in specialized foraging behavior to access their prey source.

Unique Ant-Eating Adaptations

When it comes to birds that have a penchant for feasting on ants, several species exhibit unique adaptations that make them efficient ant-eaters. Antbirds, for instance, are a diverse family comprising over 230 species, which thrive in subtropical and tropical Central and South America. Often referred to as antshrikes, antwrens, antvireos, fire-eyes, bare-eyes, and bushbirds, these fascinating creatures have evolved to specialize in consuming ants as a primary food source.

Woodpeckers are another group of ant-eating birds that display remarkable adaptations. For example, the Downy Woodpecker, a common omnivorous bird in North America, possesses a specialized beak structure called a “chisel-bill.” This unique formation allows the Downy Woodpecker to access beetle larvae and insects like ants hiding within tree bark. Its diet also includes fruits, seeds, and sap, making it a versatile bird in terms of nourishment.

Pileated Woodpeckers, too, are effective ant-eaters due to their strong beaks and elongated necks. These attributes enable them to effortlessly chisel away at tree trunks and branches to extract hidden insects, particularly ants. By leveraging their powerful bills, they can effortlessly remove thick layers of wood and reach otherwise inaccessible ant colonies inside the tree.

Flickers, especially Northern Flickers, also exhibit ant-eating adaptations. Unlike other woodpeckers, flickers spend more time on the ground, where they can efficiently forage for insects such as ants. Their adaptability is further supported by a long, barbed tongue that easily snags ants from the soil or within the crevices of tree barks.

Of the several bird species that have evolved unique adaptations to aid in their consumption of ants, each showcases a different approach, enabling them to efficiently access and consume their ant-filled diets.

Effects of Ant Consumption on Ecosystem

Ants play a vital role in the ecosystem by aerating the soil, dispersing seeds, and providing food for many different organisms. They are considered to be a significant part of food chains and help maintain a balance in nature. Birds, being one of the primary predators of ants, contribute to this balance through their ant-eating habits.

Many bird species, such as woodpeckers, pigeons, pheasants, sparrows, and hummingbirds, have a fondness for ants, and their consumption has some noteworthy effects on the ecosystem. One of the key benefits is pest control, as ants can act as pests by destroying crops or invading homes. By eating ants, these birds help keep their numbers in check, reducing the negative impact of ants on the environment.

Being omnivorous creatures, birds not only feed on ants but also consume other insects, fruits, and seeds. This diverse diet allows them to adapt well in different ecosystems. Owing to this adaptive nature, the presence of ant-eating birds can also influence the distribution and diversity of plant life, as they help in seed dispersal and promote new plant growth.

Apart from well-known ant-eating birds, there are several other species like little owls, robins, blackbirds, and cardinals that also consume ants, albeit less frequently. The fact that such a wide variety of bird species feed on ants showcases the importance of ants in the diet of many avian creatures, further emphasizing the role ants play in the overall ecosystem.

To sum things up, the consumption of ants by birds has a significant effect on the ecosystem. It contributes to pest control, promotes biodiversity, and positively influences plant life. As these bird species continue to play their part in nature’s balance, it becomes crucial for us to understand and appreciate their role in maintaining the stability and resilience of ecosystems.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do robins consume ants?

Yes, robins do consume ants, but not as frequently as some other species of birds. They will eat ants occasionally, depending on the availability of other food sources. Their diet mainly consists of various insects, worms, and fruits.

Are sparrows known to eat ants?

Sparrows are indeed known to eat ants. Ants are a part of their diet, which also includes seeds, grains, and other small insects. Ants provide sparrows with essential nutrients and protein, contributing to their overall health.

Do crows have a diet that includes ants?

Crows do have a diet that includes ants, among other insects, fruits, and small animals. They are opportunistic feeders, so they will eat ants when they come across them or if other food sources are scarce.

Is it common for doves to eat ants?

It is not very common for doves to eat ants. Doves primarily feed on seeds, grains, and some green vegetables. While they might consume ants occasionally, it is not a significant part of their diet.

Do blackbirds feed on ants?

Blackbirds do feed on ants but less frequently compared to other bird species. They usually prefer consuming worms, insects, fruits, and berries. However, when ants are available, blackbirds might include them in their diet as a source of protein.

Are hummingbirds observed eating ants?

Hummingbirds are primarily nectar feeders, consuming the sugary liquid from flowers to supply their energy needs. Nonetheless, they do eat ants and other small insects as a source of protein to support their growth and overall well-being. Though ants make up a small part of a hummingbird’s diet, they help the bird maintain its nutritional health.


  1. https://birdfact.com/articles/do-birds-eat-ants
  2. https://birdfact.com/articles/do-birds-eat-ants
  3. https://ants.com/what-eats-ants/
  4. https://birdskeeping.com/what-birds-eat-ants/

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